Where did that Diamond result from? Essay

Geology Research ProjectPage 1

Where mixed dough Diamond originate from?

Geology Study

Rough Draft

December 4, 2013

Geology

Geology Research Project – Rough DraftPage 2

In which did that Diamond come from?

Diamond jewelry are seen everywhere on stores and they are displayed in necklaces, jewelry, pins and rings. They will sparkle remarkably in the proper light. Most likely, most people don't know how that diamond caused it to be to the retail store. That precious stone will be bought and donned by the blessed recipient. That they don't realize that sparkling gemstone or " stone” has gone through serious heat and pressure, as well as survived a violent ride to the earth's surface.

Inside the quest to learn more about where diamond jewelry come from, experts must 1st determine how the diamonds develop. After they carried out laboratory tests, it was decided that expensive diamonds grow in the Earth's mantle. In fact , it truly is felt that diamonds grew and were later demolished or dissolved as the result of the substance conditions adjacent them. The researchers determined that lava was almost like the consistency of drinking water and when cooled down the lava was almost the color of limestone. With this limestone colored lava, you may potentially find diamonds. There is certainly only one lively volcano that produces carbonatite lava. The place is called the Ol Doinyo Lengai in Northern Tanzania. The molten lava in Northern Tanzania consists of molten carbonates instead of molten silicates. (Volcano Breakthrough discovery, 2012)

This type of volcano is rare and " appear to be limited to a few ls rift areas, such as the Rhine Valley as well as the East African rift system. ” (How Volcanoes Job, n. deb. ) Ol Doinyo Lengai sits among two energetic volcanoes, Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya. This volcano has extended to erupt, with a " near-continuous effusion of natrocarbonatite lava by vents in the crater” (Volcano Discovery, 2012) during the past 30-years. Sometimes these eruptions have been completely violent. The most up-to-date eruption was in 2008 if a crater was created and now offers spatter cones in that. (Volcano Finding, 2012)

Now that it has been established where diamonds grow, the next step is to look at the makeup of a diamond. " Diamonds happen to be formed when carbon deposits are exposed to high pressure and high temperatures for extented periods of time. ” (Diamonds: Chemistry & Strength Properties, 2012) When these types of high temperatures and high challenges combine with carbon dioxide deposits, a crystal starts to grow. This grows in various shapes just like octahedron, macle, dodecahedron or perhaps cubic. Usually diamond expansion is a shaped structure plus the natural form is octahedron, which is an object with 8-10 sides. The depth with the growth can range between 62 to one hundred twenty miles down, the pressure is approximately a few gigapascals plus the temperature can be can be close to 2, 200 degrees Fahrenheit. (Diamonds: Chemistry & Strength Properties, 2012) An interesting simple fact, diamonds could also form under the oceanic brown crust area, although in much greater depths. They also usually be exposed to the bigger pressures and temperatures enabling the deposits to grow larger. (Diamonds: Chemistry & Structural Houses, 2012)

A single question that scientists never have been able to answer is, " where does the carbon originate from? ” It is thought that co2 is in some manner already inside the earth. Some thought has been produced to the carbon originating nearby the earth's surface. This would associated with carbon coming from plants, animals or covers, basically whatever could be " carried into the upper mantle of the The planet by the dish tectonics device called subduction. ” (Lineberry, 2006) It is interesting to determine all that takes place in order for a diamond to begin to grow. The process can be described as continuous pattern of heat and pressure. In that case at just the right moment, the diamond amazingly is pushed for the earth's surface area by a violent volcanic eruption. In order for the diamond very to survive,...

References: Alchin, D. (1997). Hards As Rubble. Retrieved from www.hardasrocks.info/where-are-diamonds-found.html

Council, W

Diamond jewelry: Chemistry & Structural Properties. (2012). Gathered from All About Gemstones: http://ww.allaboutgemstones.com/diamond_chemistry_formation.html

Forces of Nature to 2000

Stephanie. (2013, 14 19). Abazias Diamonds. Gathered from www.abazias.com/diamondblog/diamond-news/scientific-and-medical-applications-of-diamonds

Swiecki, L

Volcano Discovery. (2012). Gathered from Ol Doinyo Lengai volcano: http://www.volcanodiscovery.com/lengai.html

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